Theorists and Identity – Research

We have been given a list of Theorists to research here is some of my initial findings..

Karl Marx –  5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883.


Retrieved 15/3/14

A communist Karl proclaimed that one day capitalism, which he believed exploited people of low socioeconomic status would rebelled against.  He talked of an uprising which would be the down fall of capitalism. Although he never lived to see this in his life time

Retrieved 15/3/14

Sigmund Freud – 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939


Retrieved – 15/3/14

He invented the treatment of Mental illness by means of psychoanalysis. Freud is important in psychology because he studied the unconscious mind.  The unconscious part of the mind cannot be easily controlled by the person and he is not aware of it. He theorised that personality is developed by a person’s childhood experiences.

Retrieved 15/3/14

I am interested by Sigmond’s theory of personality being developed by a person’s childhood experiences. Its this true..?think I am swaying to yes..I do believe it to be true. I had a pretty troubled childhood and I do believe that has shaped my personality very much. There are a lot of instances where it has a direct coloration with it.

This could be an interesting theory to work with.

Fredrich Nietzsche – 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900

friedrich-nietzsche Image retrieved 15/314 from

Friedrich Nietzsche had one hell of a mustache! and was a very interesting man, according to my readings. There are a lot of quotes I like from him..

“Im not upset that you lied to me, Im upset that from now on I cant believe you.”

“You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.”

“In heaven, all the interesting people are missing”

All above three Friedrich Nietzsche quotes are retrieved 15/3-14 from

I cant believe how interesting Friedrich Nietzsche was he is definitely someone I would like to look into.

I have found a site that talks about his life being a ‘shit show’ it has listed some interesting crazy facts about nietzsche including these –

  • It wasn’t until after his death that Nietzche’s work began to be read widely.
  • Botton claims that Nietzsche was grotesquely incompetent at romance. Apparently, Nietzsche’s epic hipster mustache “scared” women at the time. And that’s probably for the better, because Nietzsche also managed to contract syphilis at a brothel while he was still in college.
  • He had a mental break down at seeing a horse beating and was put in an asylum for the rest of his life because of it.
  • Nietzsche lumped alcohol and Christianity in the category of “shit that makes you not embrace suffering.” Nietzsche, according to Botton, doesn’t think we should “drown our sorrows”. As such, he never drank. Nietzsche, according to Botton, believed that Christianity like alcohol, “dulls pain” but also “weakens resolve to overcome the problem from which the pain has arisen.”  And if you thought that might piss off the Church, it did.  After his death, Nietzsche’s burial records written by church authorities note he was “a known antichrist” next to his name” He disliked alcohol and Christianity.

I have to say that I would agree with some of Nietzsches beliefs what he has to say strikes a cord to me, much like Sigmund Freud. I grew up with both alcohol and some Christianity and I do believe both are masks for reality.

Jacques Lacan – April 13, 1901 to September 9, 1981

6a0120a6edccb1970b0167690ddd66970b-800wi Image retrieved 15/3/14

Jacques Lacan was a controversial french psychoanalyst and psychiatrist, he also expanded on Freuds theories.  This was a clip called ‘Jacques Lacan in 1 minute’.

Im interest in what Lacan had to say about sexual pleasure I find this quote taken from the article where I found the above image hit home I do agree with it –

“In Paris now half of couples don’t stay together more than five years. I think it’s sad because I don’t think many of these people know the joy of love. They know sexual pleasure – but we all know what Lacan said about sexual pleasure.”

“Jacques Lacan argued that sexual relationships don’t exist. What is real is narcissistic, Lacan suggested, what binds imaginary. “To an extent, I agree with him. If you limit yourself to sexual pleasure it’s narcissistic. You don’t connect with the other, you take what pleasure you want from them.”

Michel Foucault – 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984

foucault08Retrieved 16/3/14

8670d40a97a8595f6ffca1bcd0b80a30 Retrieved 16/3/14

‘According to Foucault both power and identity were brought into being through action. Power is a thing not possessed but rather exercised. Identity is something we communicate and experience vis a vis other people and our interactions with them. Neither is a fixed entity or set of qualities.’

Michel Foucault was a gay french philosopher  who died of AIDS. – information found 16/3/14

“…if you are not like everybody else, then you are abnormal, if you are abnormal , then you are sick. These three categories, not being like everybody else, not being normal and being sick are in fact very different but have been reduced to the same thing”
― Michel Foucault retrieved 16/3/14

Jacques Derrida – July 15, 1930 – October 8, 2004

117695-004-63B45752 retrieved 16/3/14

Jacques Derrida was  a French philosopher who developed Deconstruction in the late 1960s.

‘Deconstruction is a way of understanding how something was created, usually things like art, books, poems and other writing. Deconstruction is breaking something down into smaller parts. Deconstruction looks at the smaller parts that were used to create an object. The smaller parts are usually ideas.

One thing it pays attention to is how opposites work. (It calls them “binary oppositions.”) It says that two opposites like “good” and “bad” are not really different things. “Good” only makes sense when someone compares it to “bad,” and “bad” only makes sense when someone compares it to “good.” And so even when someone talks about “good,” they are still talking about “bad.” But this is just one thing it does.

Because of things like this, deconstruction argues that books and poems never just mean what we think they mean at first. Other meanings are always there too, and the book or poem works because all of those meanings work together. The closer we look at the writing, the more we find about how it works, and how meaning works for all things. If we deconstructed everything, we might never be able to talk or write at all. But that does not mean deconstruction is useless. If we deconstruct some things, we can learn more about them and about how talking and writing work.’ – retrieved 16/3/14

Wow I just discovered simple wikipedia.. brilliant source of clear easy to understand information. Great.

So that is my first look at some very famous theorists and philosophers. I will choose the ones that interest me and perhaps explore them in more detail.


About jessshirley1981

Hi there, Im a 33 year old mum of two, a 7 year old daughter and a 5 year old son. I am studying for the BA in Arts & Media part time, I have just finished L6 Studio this semester 2, 2014. My passion is photography, here is a link to my facebook photography page for those of you that are interested
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